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Why was charity paid to those who had doubts about Islam (almu-allafati quloobuhum)?
The sections of this article are:
1- Charity to those who still have doubts toward Islam.
2- The reason for Noble Verse 9:60. The perfect solution to the problem by GOD Almighty.
1- Charity to those who still have doubts toward Islam:
Let us look at what Allah Almighty Said in the Noble Quran:
"Alms are for the poor and the needy, and those employed to administer the (funds); for those whose hearts have been (recently) reconciled (to Truth); for those in bondage and in debt; in the cause of God; and for the wayfarer: (thus is it) ordained by God, and God is full of knowledge and wisdom. (The Noble Quran, 9:60)"
Other translations of Noble Verse 9:60:
The alms are only for the poor and the needy, and those who collect them, and those whose hearts are to be reconciled, and to free the captives and the debtors, and for the cause of Allah, and (for) the wayfarer; a duty imposed by Allah. Allah is Knower, Wise.
Alms are only for the poor and the needy, and the officials (appointed) over them, and those whose hearts are made to incline (to truth) and the (ransoming of) captives and those in debts and in the way of Allah and the wayfarer; an ordinance from Allah; and Allah is knowing, Wise.
The alms are only for the poor and the needy, and for those employed in connections therewith, and for those whose hearts are to be reconciled, and for the freeing of slaves, and for those in debt, and for the cause of ALLAH, and for the wayfarer - an ordinance from ALLAH. And ALLAH is All-Knowing, Wise.
Alms are only for the poor and needy, and those who work for them, and those whose hearts are reconciled, and those in captivity, and those in debt, and those who are on God's path, and for the wayfarer;- an ordinance this from God, for God is knowing, wise.
But alms are only to be given to the poor and the needy, and those who collect them, and to those whose hearts are won to Islam, and for ransoms, and for debtors, and for the cause of God, and the wayfarer. This is an ordinance from God: and God is Knowing, Wise.
"Alms or charitable gifts are to be given to the poor and the needy and those who are employed in their service. That is, charitable funds are not to be diverted to other uses, but the genuine expenses of administering charity are properly chargeable to such funds. Who are the needy? Besides the ordinary indigent, there are certain classes of people whose need is great and should be relieved. Those mentioned here: (1) men who have been weaned from hostility to Truth, who would probably be persecuted by their former associates, and require assistance until they establish new connections in their new environment; (2) those in bondage, literally and figuratively; captives of war must be redeemed; slaves should be helped to freedom; those in the bondage of ignorance or superstition or unfavorable environment should be helped to freedom to develop their own gifts; (3) those who are held in the grip of debt should be helped to economic freedom; (4) those who are struggling and striving in Allah's Cause by teaching or fighting or in duties assigned to them by the righteous Imam, who are thus unable to earn their ordinary living; and (5) strangers stranded on the way. All these have a claim to charity. They should be relieved by individual or organised effort, but in a responsible way. In this verse, the word sadaqah refers to obligatory charity (zakah)." 
2- The reason for Noble Verse 9:60:
Let us first look at the following narration to understand why Allah Almighty allowed Charity to be paid to those who still have doubts toward Islam:
"Abdullah b. Zaid reported that when the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) conquered Hunain he distributed the booty, and he bestowed upon those whose hearts it was intended to win. It was conveyed to him (the Holy Prophet) that the Ansar cherished a desire that they should be given (that very portion) which the people (of Quraish) had got. Upon this the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) stood up and, after having praised Allah and lauded Him, addressed them thus: 0 people of Ansar, did I not find you erring and Allah guided you aright through me, and (in the state of) being destitute and Allah made you free from want through me, and in a state of disunity and Allah united you through me, and they (the Ansar) said: Allah and His Messenger are most benevolent. He (again) said: Why do you not answer me? They said: Allah and His Messenger are the most benevolent. He said, If you wish you should say so and so, and the event (should take) such and such course (and in this connection he made a mention) of so many things. 'Amr is under the impression that he has not been able to remember them. He (the Holy Prophet) further said: Don't you feel happy (over this state of affairs) that the people should go away with goats and camels, and you go to your places along with the Messenger of Allah? The Ansar are inner garments (more close to me) and (other) people are outer garments. Had there not been migration, I would have been a man from among the Ansar. If the people were to tread a valley or a narrow path, I would tread the valley (chosen) by the Ansar or narrow path (trodden) by them. And you would soon find after me preferences (over you in getting material benefits). So you should show patience till you meet me at the Haud (Kauthar). (Translation of Sahih Muslim, Book 005, Number 2313)"
The Muslims' attitude toward spreading Islam should be a self-sacrificial one. One must never do good to expect worldly rewards for it:
"Those who spend their wealth for increase in self-purification, And have in their minds No favour from anyone For which a reward Is expected in return, But only the desire To seek for the Countenance Of their Lord Most High; And soon will they Attain (complete) satisfaction. (The Noble Quran, 92:18-21)"
"O my people! I ask of you no reward for this (Message). My reward is from none but Him who created me: Will ye not then understand? (The Noble Quran, 11:51)"In the case of Al-Ansars (the Muslims of Al-Madina), they were the most stable of the Muslims, both in faith and in power. The reason for this is because before Islam, the inhabitants of Al-Madina were three main groups:
Al-Aws and Al-Khazraj tribes were at constant wars with each others. Even after they embraced Islam, several incidents occurred where a fight broke out between groups among them. But after Islam became firmly established among them, they became one, and the city of Al-Madina was the center and strong hold of Islam that the Prophet, peace be upon him, leaned on. The Prophet needed to rely on these Muslims to help the others to become stronger in faith, especially that the Meccan pagans along with their other pagan allies from other tribes were at constant wars and raids with the Muslims, which is why many of the Meccan Muslims were feeling divided among two beloved groups to them and some of them did incline toward the infidels.
Allah Almighty clearly confirmed this in the Noble Quran:
"Certain of the desert Arabs round about you are hypocrites, as well as (desert Arabs) among the Medina folk: they are obstinate in hypocrisy: thou knowest them not: We know them: twice shall We punish them: and in addition shall they be sent to a grievous penalty. (The Noble Quran, 9:101)"
"Truly, if the Hypocrites, and those in whose hearts is a disease, and those who stir up sedition in the City (Al-Madina), desist not, We shall certainly stir thee up against them: Then will they not be able to stay in it as thy neighbours for any length of time: (The Noble Quran, 33:60)"
"It was necessary to put down all kinds of unseemly conduct in the Prophet's City. And here is the warning in the plainest terms. And the warning had its effect. The "Hypocrites" were men who pretended to be in Islam but whose manners and morals were anti-Islamic. Those "with diseased hearts" may have been the ones that molested innocent women. "Those who stirred up sedition" put false rumours in circulation to excite the crowd. Alas! we must ask ourselves the question: "Are these conditions present among us today?" 
It is important to know that Arabs back then were 100% tribe oriented. A tribe was literally one body and what ever the chief of that tribe says, goes. The problem that the Prophet was facing with many Meccan Muslims, especially the new converts, is that they were still inclined toward their own pagan people, and they were getting dried up on money, because they are immigrants.
That is why Allah Almighty saw that it was necessary to pay, even those who had weak faith, some money to keep the:
The real Wisdom of it is:
The Divine Wisdom that I see here is that the quantity of men, on the side of the Muslims and not against them, was desperately needed for the Muslims to be able to carry on the duty of spreading GOD Almighty's Divine Truth to the rest of the Arabs, who were mostly hostile to the Muslims and to the new Religion of Islam, at that time. Islam came to demolish their gods, hence, cutting a big supply of revenue from all of the pagans' rituals and monetary sacrifices that they used to give to the gods. Islam was a big threat to many of them, especially to the Meccans because they were the center and the capital of all the Arab pagans at that time. All of the pilgrimages of the pagans and the sacrifices were done in Mecca. So Islam to the Meccans was a bitter enemy that had to be taken out!
Minimizing the enemy and maximizing the allies is what any intelligent leader would accomplish. Allah Almighty through His Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, was able to accomplish just that!
A perfect solution by the Perfect GOD Almighty! All Praise and Glory due to Him.
In the end, Islam prevailed and the pagan gods vanished!
1- The Meaning of the Holy Qur'an.
Author: Abdullah Yusuf Ali.
Published by: Amana Publications, 10710 Tucker Street, Suite B, Beltsville, Maryland 20705-2223 USA.
Telephone: (301) 595-5777.
Fax: (301) 595-5888.
ISBN: 0-91597-59-0 (HC).
2- The Meaning of the Holy Qur'an , foot note #1320, page 456.
3- The Meaning of the Holy Qur'an , foot note #3768, page 1077.
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