Search and find articles and topics quickly and accurately!  See different advanced ways to search for articles on this site.

Further Topic Research:
Syntax help

Did Prophet Muhammad say that the human body is made up of 360 joints?

The sections of this article are:

1-  Prophet Muhammad's Saying (Hadith).

      (a)-  Only a handful of joints are noticeable in the body.

2-  Medical evidence about the 360 joints.
3-  Other Numerical Miracles.
4-  Conclusion.

  

  

  

1-  Prophet Muhammad's Saying (Hadith):

The following is the Hadith in Arabic and my English translation to it:

حدثنا ‏ ‏حسن بن علي الحلواني ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏أبو توبة الربيع بن نافع ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏معاوية يعني ابن سلام ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏زيد ‏ ‏أنه سمع ‏ ‏أبا سلام ‏ ‏يقول حدثني ‏ ‏عبد الله بن فروخ ‏ ‏أنه سمع ‏ ‏عائشة ‏ ‏تقول ‏
‏إن رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏قال إنه ‏ ‏
خلق كل إنسان من بني ‏ ‏آدم ‏ ‏على ستين وثلاث مائة ‏ ‏مفصل ‏ ‏فمن كبر الله وحمد الله وهلل الله وسبح الله واستغفر الله وعزل حجرا عن طريق الناس أو شوكة أو عظما عن طريق الناس وأمر بمعروف أو نهى عن منكر عدد تلك الستين والثلاث مائة ‏ ‏السلامى ‏ ‏فإنه يمشي يومئذ وقد زحزح نفسه عن النار ‏

(http://hadith.al-islam.com/Display/Display.asp?Doc=1&Rec=2196&Tags=&Index=&Search=0&desc=-1&SID=-1&pos=&CurRecPos=&dsd=&ST=&Tag=&SP= )

Hasan bin Al-Hilwani narrated to us that Abu Tawbah Al-Rabie bin Nafi'a narrated that Muaawiyah Yaani ibn Salam narrated that Zaid narrated that he heard Abu Salam said that Abdallah bin Farookh narrated that he heard Aisha (the wife of the Prophet) say that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said that every man from the people of Adam (i.e., mankind) was created UNTO/UPON/ON 60 and 300 MIFSAL.  So whoever glorifies Allah, praises Allah, calls people to Allah, makes supplications to Allah, seeks forgiveness from Allah, removes a stone, needle or bone from the people's path (i.e., removes obstacles from people's paths), and enjoins what is just and forbid what is wrong in the number of those 60 and 300 ALSALAMA, he will then on that day remove himself from Hell Fire.

  
  

(a)-  Only a handful of joints are noticeable in the body:

The Prophet of Islam, peace be upon him, said that there are 360 joints in the human body.  Yet, only a handful are really visible to the naked eye (knees, elbows, knucles, etc...).  Yet, it's been scientifically proven that the human body indeed has 360 joints.

  

  

2-  Medical evidence about the 360 joints:

The following medical websites confirm that the human body does have 360 joints in it:

  

Article #1:

From http://www.buzzle.com/articles/joints-in-the-body.html:

  

How Many Joints in the Human Body?

Before we proceed towards the various types of joints in the body, let's start with how many joints there are in total. There are about 230 and more joints in an average human body! There may be some difference in this number if compared between a fetus and an adult. You see, a fetus has 300 bones initially but most of them fuse together by the time of birth. An average adult has about 206 bones in total. Coming back to the number of joints, the count can be broken up as follows:-


Distribution of Human Body Joints
Part of the Body Number of Joints
Skull 86
Throat and Neck 6
Thorax 66
Spine and Pelvis 76
Hands, Arms and Fingers 64
Legs, Feet and Toes 62

(86+6+66+76+64+62 = 360)
 


  

Types of Joints in the Human Body

Joints can be classified in accordance with various bases such as type of movement imparted, functions, structure, etc. Let's take a look at these various types of joints and their different classifications.

Classification According to Movement Imparted

  • Ball and Socket Joints (shoulders and hips)
  • Hinge Joints (knees and ulna of the elbows)
  • Condyloid Joints (jaw and fingers)
  • Gliding Joints (spine, wrists and ankles)
  • Pivot Joints (neck and radius of elbows)
  • Saddle Joints (thumbs)
  •   
    Classification According to Structure

  • Fibrous Joints (sutures, syndesmoses and gomphosis)
  • Cartilaginous Joints (synchondroses and symphyses)
  • Synovial Joints (wrist carpals, acromioclavicular joint, elbow area between humerus and ulna, Atlanto-axial joint, proximal radio-ulnar joint, distal radio-ulnar joint, wrist joint, carpometacarpal thumb joint, Glenohumeral shoulder joint, hip joint, sternoclavicular joint, knee-joint)
  •   
    Classification According to Function

  • Synarthrosis (allow very limited or no mobility such as gomphosis, synostoses and synchondrosis; mostly fibrous joints.)
  • Amphiarthrosis (Allow somewhat limited mobility such as symphysis, syndesmosis and interosseous membrane; mostly cartilaginous joints)
  • Diarthrosis (enables a wide variety of movements and all synovial joints come under this classification)
  •   
    Classification According to Anatomical Location

  • Articulation Joints of the Hands
  • Wrist Joints
  • Elbow Joints
  • Axillary Shoulder Joints (Glenohumeral and acromioclavicular joints)
  • Sternoclavicular Joints
  • Vertebral Articulatory Joints
  • Sacroiliac Joint of the pelvis
  • Temporomandibular Joint of the jaw
  • Articulation Joints of the Feet
  • Hip Joints
  • Knee Joints
  •   
    The anatomical classification of joints can be further sub-classified under simple, compound and complicated joints, based upon the number of bones involved in each joint and their individual biomechanical properties. For instance, the lesser bones involved, the simpler the joint is and the more bones involved, the more complex it becomes.

      

    Article #2:

    Dr. Douglas A. Becker of Minneapolis Orthopaedics claims that the human body has 360 joints:


    (Click on image to enlarge)

      

    Article #3:

    Raymond D. Mutter, M.D., who is a specialist in internal medicine, also claims that the human body has 360 joints:


    (Click on images to enlarge)

      

    Article #4:

    Dr. Tracey Allison Planinz, PhD claims that the human body has 360 joints:


    (Click on image to enlarge)

      

    Article #5:

    Indigenous Health Measurement Group meeting in Vancouver, Canada - a PDF file:  www.answering-christianity.com/human_body_has_360_joints.pdf:

    "Technically, arthritis is inflammation of a joint. However, the term is used much more generally to describe any pain producing damage to the joint. Given the large number of joints in the human body (213 bones with about 360 joints), the number of arthritic problems encountered is large. More than 150 forms of arthritis are already recognised in the literature. The term ‘musculoskeletal conditions’ includes all disorders associated with bones, muscles and connective tissues of the body, including arthritis. Monitoring this vast array of conditions is a formidable task."

      

    Article #6:

    By Dr. Zaghloul Al-Naggar:
      

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    'A'ishah (A.S.) narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said:

    "Everyone has been created with three hundred and sixty Joints. Whoever mentions Allah's greatness (says Allahu Akbar), praises Allah, extols Allah, and seeks forgiveness from Allah and removes stones from the path of the people, enjoins what is good and forbids the evil to the amount of those three hundred and sixty joints (sulama), he walks on that Day (of Judgment) having distanced himself from the Hell fire."

    Abu Dharr (A.S.) narrated "the Prophet said (PBUH):

    "In every morning there is a charitable act on the joints of any of you. Every tasbihah (to say: subhanallah, i.e. Glory be to Allah) is a charitable act; every tahmidah (to say: al-hamdu lillah, i.e. Praise be to Allah) is a charitable act, every tahlilah (to say: la ilaha illallah, i.e. There is none worthy of worship but Allah) is a charitable act; every takbirah (to say: Allahu akbar, i.e. Allah is the Greatest) is a charitable act; enjoining the right is a charitable act; forbidding the evil is a charitable act. However, to fulfill that charity, it is sufficient to pray two rak'at of Duha."

    The word "Sulama" in Arabic refers to the joint. It can be also used for all the body bones and the joints between them. Most of the body bones are movable, but some are fixed as those of the skull.

    The Explanation of the Hadith

    The hadith clearly directs Muslims to be grateful to Allah, the Almighty, Who dignifies and honors man, over all other creatures, by giving him a straight upright skeleton. It has been created of a huge number of big and small bones and cartilage. Between every two bones, there is a joint to enable the bones and to protect the body's soft parts. These joints enable the person to stand up, sit down, lie on his side, bend, stretch, etc. Every Muslim who worships Allah, Glorified be He, must be grateful to Allah for every one of these joints, and offer a charitable act, in way of gratitude to His Creator, for this great blessing, without which life would have been impossible.

    It is amazing that the Prophet (PBUH) mentioned the number of the body joints so precisely, at a time when nobody had any idea about human anatomy. Even now in the 21st century, many people still do not know the number of joints in their bodies, including many professors of orthopedics. I asked many of them, and their answer was between 200 and 300 bones, and around 100-300 joints.

    Likewise, many international encyclopedias avoid giving an exact number of bones and joints of the human skeleton by classifying them into major groups or subdivision. The Encyclopedia Britannica classified them into three subdivisions:

    1- The Axial Skeleton: which consists of the bones of the vertebral column and the majority of the skull bones.

    2- The Visceral Skeleton: which consists of the thorax (the ribs and the breastbones), the lower jaw and some parts of the upper jaw.

    3- The Appendicular Skeleton: which consists of the bones of the pelvic girdles, shoulders and limbs.

    The Hatchinson Encyclopedia, published in 1995, mentioned that the number of bones in a human skeleton is only 206 bones.

    In his book titled, "The Journey of Faith inside the Human Body", Dr.Hamid Ahmed Hamid mentioned that the total number of the human body joints is exactly 360, as the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) stated 1400 years ago. According to Dr. Hamid, the details of these bones are as follows:

    Joints in the human body

     

    First: 147 joints in the vertebral column

    25 joints between the vertebrae.

    72 joints between the vertebrae and the ribs.

    Second: 24 joints in the thorax

    2 joints between the bones of the sternum and the thoracic cage.

    18 joints between the sternum and the ribs.

    2 joints between the clavicle and the scapulae (shoulder blade).

    2 joints between the scapulae and the thorax.

    Third: 86 joints in the upper extremity

    2 joints between the scapular bones.

    6 joints between the elbows.

    8 joints between the wrists.

    70 joints between the hand bones.

    Fourth: 92 joints in the lower extremity

    2 hip joints.

    6 joints between the knee bones.

    6 joints between the ankles.

    74 joints between the feet bones.

    Fifth: 11 joints in the Pelvis

    4 joints between the coccyx vertebrae.

    6 joints between the bones acetabulm.

    1 joint of the pubic sumphysis.

    Total number of joints: 360

    Those joints, mentioned in the hadith, are the movable joints in the human body, which give the ability to the vertebral column and hence the whole body to move freely. The immovable joints, as those joining the skull bones, are not counted here. The movable ones are also known as "The Synovial joints", for they contain a fluid known as the "Synonvial fluid". This fluid allows friction-free movement of the bones by reducing direct contact. For example, the hip joint, composed of a ball-like head of the femur that fits into a socket-like depression of the pelvis bone, makes the hip and the whole leg movements easy and flexible. Another example is the Hinge joint, which enables man to easily bend his leg.

    Another type of joints is called "The Gliding joints" as that of the radiocarpal (wrist) joint. In this joint, the facing bone surfaces are in most cases flat, allowing the bones to glide freely in several directions. The joint between the two upper vertebrae has a special structure. It allows the side movement of the head, through the rotation of the ball-like head of one vertebra into the socket-like depression of the other vertebra.

    Were it not for the joints created by Allah the Almighty, man would not have been able to move one bone in his body. The defect in one joint causes a lot of pain and problems.

    Sunnah & Science

      

    Article #7:

    Some Scientists today, Muslims and Westerners, were able to demonstrate and prove that the human body does have 360 joints in it:

  • Scientific article at eajaz.org: [1, 1] [2, 2]
  • More Doctors claiming that humans have 360 joints:

  • http://www.yelp.com/biz/the-bone-and-joint-center-of-seattle-seattle [3]
  • Other websites:

  • http://www.jlquiropractico.com/arthritis/
  • http://www.fioricetblog.com/2012/01/joint-pain-treatment-and-tips/
  • http://www.sooperarticles.com/health-fitness-articles/joint-pain-treatment-672067.html
  • http://www.blurtit.com/q822970.html
  •   

      

    3-  Other Numerical Miracles:

    The following section contains ample Numerical Miracles in the Glorious Quran:

  • www.answering-christianity.com/ac20.htm#numerical_miracles
  • And the following section contains ample Scientific Miracles in the Glorious Quran:

  • www.answering-christianity.com/ac20.htm#links
  •   

      

    4-  Conclusion:

    Whether the Prophet, peace be upon him, meant to make an actual Scientific claim or not, we clearly don't have any problem in either way.  If the Prophet claimed that mankind has around 360 joints, then this is in harmony with Science today.  And if the Prophet spoke in symbolic terms and that mankind is so complex, that he was perhaps Designed by Allah Almighty in 360 stages, then we also wouldn't have a problem with Science.

      

      

      

      

    The Overwhelming Scientific Miracles in the Glorious Quran.

    The Noble Quran and Islam - Questions and Answers.

      

    Some very STUNNING Divine Miracles: [1]

    Here are some of my favorite Stunning Scientific Miracles in the Glorious Quran from among the tens (10s) that are listed in this section:

    1-  Here is one stunning Numerical Miracle, from the 10s below, for you:

    The Glorious Quran has 114 Chapters. The sum of those Chapters is 6555 (1+2+...+114 = 6555). There are also 6236 Noble Verses in the Glorious Quran. Now, IF YOU ADD EACH CHAPTER # with the number of its Verses, then you get a list of numbers. So 1 (first Chapter) + 7 (# of its Verses) = 8. Do this for all Chapters.

    1-  The sum of the odd numbers from the list = 6555.
    2-  The sum of the even numbers from the list = 6236.

    See the XLS file for 100% confirmation.
      

    2-  The Great Miracle.  Allah Almighty in the Holy Quran called the Number 19 Miracle "One of the Mighty Ones (Miracles)" (74:30-37) [1] [2].  See the 100s of Noble Verses that clearly testify to this Great Miracle.  Also, did you know that Allah Almighty Said in Surat Nuh (that's Noble Chapter Nuh (Noah)) that Prophet Noah lived for 950 years among his people. 

    Yet, all Praise and Glory are due to Allah Almighty Alone, the entire Noble Surah is exactly written in 950 Letters [1] [2]!  You can thoroughly see this in the scanned images that thoroughly verify every single Noble Letter, in the links.  Click on the links to see the many other Numerical Miracles in the Holy Quran.  Also, see the Numerical Miracles section along with all of the other great sections.

      
    3-  19 X 115 = 2185 Number 19 and BASMALA Miracle.  The total numerical value of Noble Verses 74:30-37 themselves, which are the heart of the Number 19 Miracle, has a stunning Miracle in it.  The value of these Noble Verses matches the multiplication of the BASMALA's number of letters (19 Letters) and their total numerical values (115): 19 X 115 = 2185.  The Basmala, which full text in Arabic means "In the Name of Allah The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful" is the Key to the Glorious Quran.  It is recited first before reading the Holy Quran, and it is also obligatory upon every Muslim to start with the Basmala before starting any task.

      
    4-  Please also checkout the many hundreds (100s) of Great Numerical Miracles, and the many tens (10s) of other Great Scientific Miracles that deal with:

         1-  Embryology.
         2-  Biology.
         3-  Astronomy.
         4-  Geology.
         5-  Mathematics
         6-  Archeology.
         7-  Prophecies [1].

    For example:

    1-  The explosion of the Universe, Galaxies and Stars bring about Smoke.
      
    "When the sky disintegrates, and turns rose colored like paint (
    وردة كالدهان)." (The Noble Quran, 55:37) [2] [3]
      

      
      

    Also, the Glorious Quran [1] declares that the earth is:

    1- Spherical.
    2- Suspended in Space.
    3- Rotating around itself.
    4- Is traveling in Space.

    This is also all demonstrated in good details in the following video file:

    www.answering-christianity.com/egg-shaped_earth.htm

      

      


    Send your Comments.

    The Main Page.